Infant Milestones: 12 months to 24 months

The following page gives the usual age at which different infant milestones are reached during the period from 1 year to 2 years.

Each age band has the developmental stages broken down into:

  • gross motor
  • fine motor
  • speech and language
  • personal/social

You will notice that in the second year of life, there is less in the way of gross motor development and more fine motor and speech development - you child has managed to go from helpless to walking in the first year, now she's about to learn to be delicate and precise.

To view the milestones of other ages, click here

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12 month milestones

Motor Development

At 12 months, if your child has reached normal infant milestone, she will be able to:

  • walk alone
  • cast - objects are "cast" from the hand

Fine Motor / Vision Development

At 12 months, your infant will be able to:

  • use a neat pincer grip - so she will be able to pick small objects up between index finger and thumb
  • release objects when taken from her - before this she is likely to hold on for dear life!

Speech and Language Development

At 12 months, your infant will be able to:

  • use 2 to 3 words specifically
  • understand familiar names

Personal / Social Development

At 12 months, your infant will be able to:

  • indicate her needs
  • take off her shoes
  • drink from a feeding cup (like Tommy Tippee)
  • understand simple commands, like "give it to mommy"

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15 months infant milestones

Fine Motor / Vision Development

At 15 months, your infant will be able to:

  • scribble
  • put a block in a cup

Speech and Language Development

At 15 months, your child, if she is following normal infant milestones, will be able to:

  • use jargon
  • point to body parts

Personal / Social Development

At 15 months, your infant will:

  • copy housework
  • drink from an open cup without spilling
  • no longer be putting everything in her mouth

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18 months infant milestones

Motor Development

At 18 months, if your child has reached normal infant milestones, she will:

  • walk well and can carry a toy while walking
  • jump with feet together
  • bend to pick things up from the floor
  • walk backwards
  • climb into an adult chair and then turn and sit
  • have stopped casting

Fine Motor / Vision Development

At 18 months, your infant will be able to:

  • throw a ball
  • build a 3 brick tower using 1 inch cube wooden bricks
  • hold a crayon in her fist
  • dump a raisin from a jar - so she knows how to get something that is not easily accessible
  • copy a line

Speech and Language Development

At 18 months, your child, if she is following normal infant milestones, will be able to:

  • name one body part
  • identify one picture if asked
  • use 6 words

Personal / Social Development

At 18 months, your infant will:

  • feed with a spoon without making too much of a mess
  • use symbolic play - so will brush a doll's hair
  • find a completely hidden toy - so is aware of the permanence of objects
  • indicate toilet needs
  • alternate between clinging and resistance

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24 months toddler milestones

Motor Development

  • At 24 months, your infant will be able to:
  • kick a ball
  • run
  • walk upstairs holding on using two feet per step

Fine Motor / Vision Development

At 24 months, your child, if she has normal infant milestones, will:

  • unscrew the top of a jar
  • build a tower of 6 using 1 inch cube wooden bricks
  • copy a vertical line
  • be developing hand preference, so will be starting to favor either the right or left hand
  • turn pages one at a time

Speech and Language Development

  • At 24 months, your infant will be able to:
  • put two words together - like "daddy gone", "mummy home"
  • name 4 or 5 body parts
  • identify 5 pictures in a picture book - for example, your child will be able to point to objects you name
  • use about 50 words

Personal / Social Development

At 24 months, your infant will be able to:

  • play alone
  • put socks and shoes on
  • give her first name
  • tell you when she wants to toilet
  • to have a fierce temper tantrum!!

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When to be concerned

If your child has not reached the following infant milestones or is demonstrating the following signs, see your doctor:

  • demonstrating hand preference at 12 months of age
  • not pointing to share interest by 15 months of age
  • not walking by 18 months (unless she is a bottom shuffler when she may not walk until 2 years of age)
  • casting has persists after 18 months of age

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References

  • Martin Bellman and John Cash. Schedule of Growing Skills. NEFR-Nelson. ISBN 0 7005 1161 X
  • Mary Sheridan. From birth to five years. NFER-NELSON. ISBN 0 85633 074 4

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For infant milestones for babies from birth to six months of age, click here

For infants from 6 to 12 months of age, click here

For toddlers from 1 to 2 years of age, click here

For toddlers from 2 to 3 years of age, click here

For toddlers from 3 to 4 years of age, click here

For children from 4 to 5 years of age, click here

To go to the main Development page, click here

To return to the Home page, click here

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Last reviewed 30 May 2011

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Dr Maud MD

Dr Maud MD (MBChB, FRACP, FRCPCH), a specialist pediatrician, provides health information and medical advice for parents of babies and toddlers. Read more about Dr Maud.


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